Understanding Play-to-Earn, the Blockchain Game

Recently, cryptocurrencies and blockchain technologies are gradually spreading into various spheres of human life. This shift involves more than using Bitcoin or different altcoins as speculative assets. Specifically, this new format for conducting monetary transactions allows us to solve multiple problems. Some of these problems include issues concerning security, anonymity, decentralization, and more. Indeed, the list goes on and on.

Play-to-earn is a big step forward in blockchain, drawing in major gaming studios and creating large digital economies. This new type of game lets players own in-game currency and items through cryptocurrencies and non-fungible tokens (NFTs). However, these items have real-world value and are part of a bigger digital economy.

This post is the ultimate guide to understanding play-to-earn games and their impact in the cryptocurrency space. Keep reading!

Understanding Play-to-Earn, the Blockchain Game

What are Play-to-Earn Games?

“Play to Earn” (P2E) in cryptocurrency refers to a gaming model where players earn real-world value by playing video games. Typically, these rewards are in the form of cryptocurrency or non-fungible tokens (NFTs). Furthermore, this model leverages blockchain technology to create decentralized gaming ecosystems. As a result, players can own, trade, and monetize in-game assets.

A blockchain game uses blockchain technology to enhance traditional video games. Consequently, this integration transforms the gaming experience and offers new possibilities.

Key Components of Play-to-Earn Games

The following are key components that serve as the basis of play-to-earn games:

Blockchain and Cryptocurrency Integration

Blockchain is the underlying technology that enables decentralized and secure transactions. Play-to-earn games use blockchain to ensure transparency and security in the ownership and transfer of digital assets.

Additionally, digital currencies such as Bitcoin or Ethereum are used as rewards for in-game achievements. Players can earn these cryptocurrencies by completing tasks, winning battles, or participating in the game economy.

Understanding Play-to-Earn, the Blockchain Game

Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs)

NFTs represent unique digital assets that players can own, trade, or sell. These can include in-game items like weapons, skins, characters, virtual real estate, and more.

Each NFT is unique and stored on the blockchain, providing verifiable ownership and scarcity, which can increase its value.

Decentralized Marketplaces

These platforms allow players to buy, sell, or trade their NFTs and cryptocurrencies. In essence, marketplaces provide liquidity for in-game assets, allowing players to convert virtual earnings into real-world money.

How Play-to-Earn Works

Here’s a quick breakdown of how play-to-earn games work:

Earning Mechanisms

  • Achievements and Quests: Players earn cryptocurrency or NFTs by completing specific tasks, and missions, or reaching milestones within the game.
  • PvP (Player vs. Player) Battles: Competing against other players can yield rewards based on performance.
  • Staking and Yield Farming: Some games offer mechanisms where players can stake their in-game assets or cryptocurrencies to earn passive income or additional rewards.
  • Exploration and Collection: Players gather valuable in-game items or resources that can be converted into real-world value.
Understanding Play-to-Earn, the Blockchain Game

Asset Ownership and Interoperability

Players have full ownership of their in-game assets, which they can transfer between games or use in multiple games. All they have to do is ensure that the games support the same blockchain standards (like Ethereum’s ERC-721 for NFTs). This interoperability enhances the value of assets thereby providing more opportunities for earning.

Economic Models

  • Tokenomics: The economic design of the game’s currency and rewards. It includes the distribution, utility, and inflation rate of the game’s cryptocurrency.
  • In-Game Economy: A thriving in-game economy is crucial for the sustainability of P2E models. Players can trade with each other, creating supply and demand dynamics that mirror real-world economies.

Workflow of Play-to-Earn Games

You can follow this multi-step guide to start playing blockchain games:

Starting the Game

Players create an account and connect their cryptocurrency wallet to the game. They might need to purchase initial assets, like characters or items, to start playing.

Playing the Game

Players engage in various activities, such as completing quests, battling other players, or exploring the game world.

Eventually, as they progress, they earn in-game currency and collect valuable items.

Earning Rewards

The game rewards players with cryptocurrencies or NFTs based on their achievements and performance. Subsequently, these rewards are stored in the player’s connected wallet.

Monetizing Rewards

Players can sell or trade their earned assets on decentralized marketplaces. Alternatively, they can convert their in-game earnings into real-world money by exchanging cryptocurrencies on external exchanges.

Understanding Play-to-Earn, the Blockchain Game

What are the Benefits of Play-to-Earn Games?

Undoubtedly, play-to-earn games offer crypto enthusiasts some benefits. Let’s take a quick look at some of them: 

  • Monetization: Players can earn real money through their gaming efforts.
  • Ownership: Players truly own their in-game assets, with the ability to sell or trade them.
  • Community and Engagement: P2E games often have vibrant communities and high player engagement due to the financial incentives.

What are the Challenges of Play-to-Earn Games?

Sadly, some hurdles still need to be overcome when it comes to blockchain games. The following are some of the major problems facing play-to-earn games:

  • Economic Stability: Maintaining a balanced in-game economy can be challenging. Over-rewarding players can lead to inflation and devalue in-game assets.
  • Regulatory Issues: Different jurisdictions have varying regulations regarding cryptocurrencies and digital assets.
  • Scalability and Technical Hurdles: Blockchain scalability issues can affect the performance and user experience of P2E games.

Examples of Major Play-to-Earn Games

Over the past year, Play-to-Earn (P2E) games have surged in popularity, with Axie Infinity standing out for its significant economic growth. In the next part of this post, we will cover a few of the most popular Play-to-Earn games.

Axie Infinity

Players breed, raise, and battle creatures called Axies. Rewards include the game’s native cryptocurrency (SLP and AXS) and valuable NFTs representing Axies.

The Sandbox

This is a virtual world where players can build, own, and monetize their gaming experiences. Essentially, players earn through the creation and sale of virtual real estate (LAND) and in-game items.


A virtual reality platform where players can create, explore, and trade virtual land and assets. The platform uses MANA, its native cryptocurrency, for transactions.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, blockchain games represent a paradigm shift by enabling gamers to earn income while playing, potentially revolutionizing the gaming industry in the years ahead. However, it’s essential to maintain realistic expectations regarding potential earnings from Play-to-Earn (P2E) games. Like any financial asset, there’s no definitive “average” income, especially in the volatile realm of cryptocurrencies.

Nevertheless, players can genuinely own their in-game assets, participate in vibrant digital economies, and potentially earn a living through their gaming activities.

Bitmama offers a secure marketplace for crypto enthusiasts. Perform activities like crypto trading and creating virtual dollar cards for online payment. Get started today by downloading the Bitmama app.


Adeola Adebo

Jun 18, 2024

5 mins read

Join Newsletter

Sign up to our newsletter today to be on top of every development in the cryptoverse.

right arrow

Share Article

bitmama social

Copy Link

  • Company
  • About
  • Career
  • Privacy Policy
  • Terms of Service

Did you know you can do more with crypto while on the go?

Get Bitmama mobile app and find out


Fastest, Easiest and Cheapest way to buy cryptocurrencies.

Bitmama Google Play Store
Bitmama App Store
Bitmama facebook handle
Bitmama instagram handle
Bitmama twitter handle
Bitmama linkedin handle

Bitmama offers its products and services in partnership with licensed transmitters in their respective jurisdictions.

All trademarks and brand names belong to their respective owners. Use of these trademarks and brand names do not represent endorsement by or association with Bitmama.

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT PROCEDURES FOR OPENING A NEW ACCOUNT: To help the government fight the funding of terrorism and money laundering activities, federal law requires all financial institutions to obtain, verify, and record information that identifies each person who opens an Account. What this means for you: When you open an Account, we will ask for your name, address, date of birth, and other information that will allow us to identify you. We may also ask to see a copy of your driver’s license and/or International Passport.