What is a Cryptocurrency ETF?

Cryptocurrency has taken the financial world by storm, evolving from a niche technology to a mainstream investment option. Among the various ways to invest in cryptocurrencies, one of the most talked-about is the cryptocurrency ETF. But what exactly is a cryptocurrency ETF? Let’s break it down.

Understanding ETFs: The Basics

What is an ETF?

An ETF, or Exchange-Traded Fund, is a type of investment fund that holds a collection of assets, such as stocks, bonds, or commodities. ETFs are traded on stock exchanges, similar to individual stocks. Investors can buy and sell shares of an ETF throughout the trading day at market prices, which fluctuate based on the fund’s net asset value (NAV).

Why Invest in ETFs?

ETFs offer several advantages:

  • Diversification: By holding a variety of assets, ETFs reduce the risk associated with investing in a single asset.
  • Liquidity: ETFs can be easily bought and sold on stock exchanges.
  • Lower Costs: ETFs often have lower fees compared to mutual funds.

Diving into Cryptocurrency

What is Cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual currency that uses cryptography for security. Unlike traditional currencies, cryptocurrencies operate on decentralized networks based on blockchain technology. Bitcoin and Ethereum are two of the most well-known cryptocurrencies.

Why Invest in Cryptocurrency?

Investing in cryptocurrency can be attractive for several reasons:

  • High Potential Returns: Cryptocurrencies have shown significant growth over the years.
  • Diversification: Adding cryptocurrency to an investment portfolio can provide diversification.
  • Innovation: Investing in cryptocurrency is investing in cutting-edge technology and financial innovation.

The Cryptocurrency ETF Explained

What is a Cryptocurrency ETF?

A cryptocurrency ETF is an exchange-traded fund that holds cryptocurrency assets, such as Bitcoin or Ethereum, or assets related to cryptocurrencies. The ETF aims to track the price of these cryptocurrencies, providing investors with exposure to the cryptocurrency market without having to directly buy and hold the digital assets.

ftx collapse

How Does a Cryptocurrency ETF Work?

  • Structure: A cryptocurrency ETF can either hold actual cryptocurrencies (physical-backed) or cryptocurrency futures contracts (futures-backed).
  • Trading: Like other ETFs, cryptocurrency ETFs are traded on stock exchanges. Investors can buy and sell shares of the ETF throughout the trading day.
  • Price Tracking: The ETF’s value fluctuates based on the performance of the underlying cryptocurrency or index it tracks.

Key Terms to Know

  • NAV (Net Asset Value): The total value of the assets held by the ETF, minus any liabilities, divided by the number of shares.
  • Futures Contract: An agreement to buy or sell an asset at a future date at a predetermined price.
  • Physical-Backed ETF: An ETF that holds the actual underlying assets, such as Bitcoin.
  • Futures-Backed ETF: An ETF that holds futures contracts rather than the actual underlying asset.

Benefits of a Cryptocurrency ETF


Cryptocurrency ETFs make it easier for traditional investors to gain exposure to the cryptocurrency market. Investors can buy and sell shares of the ETF through their existing brokerage accounts, without the need to set up a digital wallet or navigate cryptocurrency exchanges.

Diversification and Risk Management

Investing in a cryptocurrency ETF can provide diversification within the cryptocurrency market. Instead of investing in a single cryptocurrency, investors can gain exposure to a basket of cryptocurrencies or related assets. This helps to spread risk.

Regulatory Oversight

ETFs are regulated financial products. Investing in a cryptocurrency ETF provides a level of regulatory oversight that direct investment in cryptocurrencies may not offer.

Risks to Consider

Market Volatility

Cryptocurrencies are known for their extreme price volatility. While ETFs can help manage some risks, the underlying assets are still subject to significant price swings.

Regulatory Changes

The regulatory environment for cryptocurrencies is still evolving. Changes in regulations can impact the performance of cryptocurrency ETFs.

Tracking Errors

There may be discrepancies between the ETF’s performance and the performance of the underlying cryptocurrency due to management fees and other factors.


A cryptocurrency ETF offers a convenient and regulated way to gain exposure to the cryptocurrency market. By understanding the basics of ETFs and cryptocurrencies, investors can make informed decisions about incorporating cryptocurrency ETFs into their investment portfolios. As with any investment, it’s important to consider both the potential rewards and the risks.

At Bitmama, we’re committed to helping you navigate the evolving world of cryptocurrency investments. Stay informed, stay diversified, and invest wisely!


Adeola Adebo

Jun 5, 2024

4 mins read

Join Newsletter

Sign up to our newsletter today to be on top of every development in the cryptoverse.

right arrow

Share Article

bitmama social

Copy Link

  • Company
  • About
  • Career
  • Privacy Policy
  • Terms of Service

Did you know you can do more with crypto while on the go?

Get Bitmama mobile app and find out


Fastest, Easiest and Cheapest way to buy cryptocurrencies.

Bitmama Google Play Store
Bitmama App Store
Bitmama facebook handle
Bitmama instagram handle
Bitmama twitter handle
Bitmama linkedin handle

Bitmama offers its products and services in partnership with licensed transmitters in their respective jurisdictions.

All trademarks and brand names belong to their respective owners. Use of these trademarks and brand names do not represent endorsement by or association with Bitmama.

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT PROCEDURES FOR OPENING A NEW ACCOUNT: To help the government fight the funding of terrorism and money laundering activities, federal law requires all financial institutions to obtain, verify, and record information that identifies each person who opens an Account. What this means for you: When you open an Account, we will ask for your name, address, date of birth, and other information that will allow us to identify you. We may also ask to see a copy of your driver’s license and/or International Passport.